uefi安装ArchLinux

准备

使用iwctl连网略
换源

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reflector -c China --save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
systemctl stop reflector

调整时间

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timedatectl set-ntp true

分区

lsblk看分区名
cfdisk分区
格式化分区用mkfs.ext4
挂载swap分区用mkswap
用mount挂载根分区到/mnt
新建efi挂载点文件夹

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mkdir -p /mnt/boot/efi

然后挂载

安装基本系统

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pacstrap /mnt linux-zen linux-firmware linux-zen-headers base base-devel neovim base-completion networkmanager dhcpcd

写进分区表

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genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

进系统&安装引导

用arch-chroot进系统然后安装grub引导

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arch-chroot /mnt
pacman -Sy
pacman -S grub efibootmgr efivar intel-ucode os-prober ntfs-3g

/etc/default/grub取消注释os-prober的一行(一般在最后一行)

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grub-install /dev/……
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
passwd root
systemctl enable NetworkManager
exit
reboot

进入系统

nmtui联网
nvim /etc/hostname写下arch
nvim /etc/hosts写下

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127.0.0.1	localhost
::1 localhost
127.0.1.1 arch.localdomain arch

设置时间

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timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Shanghai && ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime && hwclock --systohc
timedatectl set-ntp true

/etc/skel/.bashrc写下

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EDITOR='nvim'

然后cp -a /etc/skel/. ~
重启

添加用户

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useradd --create-home storm
passwd storm
usermod -aG adm,wheel,storage storm

EDITOR='nvim' visudo
删除%wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL前面的#
然后重启

本地化配置

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nvim /etc/locale.gen

编辑/etc/locale.gen文件,删除en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8和zh_CN.UTF-8 UTF-8前面的#
locale-gen
nvim /etc/locale.conf
写下LANG=”en_US.UTF-8”
重启

安装plasma

安装核显驱动

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pacman -S mesa xf86-video-intel vulkan-intel

安装声音驱动

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pacman -S alsa-utils alsa-plugins alsa-oss alsa-firmware sof-firmware alsa-ucm-conf pulseaudio pulseaudio-alsa pulseaudio-bluetooth
systemctl enable bluetooth

安装plasma

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pacman -S plasma plasma-meta konsole dolphin kate ark gwenview vlc firefox
firefox-i18n-zh-cn packagekit-qt5
systemctl enable sddm

重启后就可以了

添加其他源

导入arch4edu的GPG Key

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sudo pacman-key --recv-keys 7931B6D628C8D3BA && sudo pacman-key --finger 7931B6D628C8D3BA && sudo pacman-key --lsign-key 7931B6D628C8D3

编辑/etc/pacman.conf,添加如下

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[archlinuxcn]
Server = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinuxcn/$arch

[arch4edu]
SigLevel = Never
Server = https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/arch4edu/$arch

[blackarch]
SigLevel = Never
Server = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/blackarch/$repo/os/$arch

之后更新源pacman -Syy
安装keyring

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sudo pacman -S archlinuxcn-keyring arch4edu-keyring blackarch-keyring

生成新的密钥环并重新部署

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sudo rm -rf /etc/pacman.d/gnupg && sudo pacman-key --init && sudo pacman-key --populate archlinux && sudo pacman-key --populate archlinuxcn && sudo pacman-key --populate arch4edu && sudo pacman-key --populate blackarch

然后删除SigLevel = Never


uefi安装ArchLinux
https://storm1614.top/20220801/084409/
作者
storm1614
发布于
2022年8月1日
许可协议